“Arthritis” literally mean joint inflammation. Although joint inflammation is a symptom or sign rather than a specific diagnosis. The term Arthritis is often used to refer to any disorder that affect the joints. These disorders fall within the broader category of Rheumatic disorders. There are diseases characterised by inflammation of one or more connecting or supporting structures of the body. They especially effect joints, tendons, ligaments, bones and muscles common signs and symptoms are pain, swelling and stiffness. Some rheumatic diseases also can involve internal organs.
Based on the findings of the history and physical…Read More
Cervical spondylosis is a common degenerative condition of the cervical spine that most likely caused by age-related changes in the intervertebral disks. This includes the disks or cushions between the neck vertebrae and the joints between the bones of the cervical spine. These changes can compress one or more of the nerve roots. In advanced cases, the spinal cord becomes involved. People who are very active at work or in sports may be more likely to have this. The major risk factor is aging. Other factors are overweight, heavy lifting or a lot of bending and twisting, Past neck injury, Past spine surgery, Ruptured or slipped disk, Severe arthritis,…Read More
Lumbar Spondylosis refers to a collection of degenerative disorders that can lead to low back pain as people age. The main causes are Internal disc disruption, Degenerative disc disease and Segmental instability. The intervertebral disc is made up mostly of water. This allows it to maintain its cushion-like properties. As people age, the intervertebral disc loses some of its water content. As this happens, the outer layers of the disc are more likely to develop cracks or tears. These can be a significant source of low back pain. This is the beginning of internal disc disruption. When the outer layer of the disc cracks, the disc looses its normal…Read More
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an unpredictable, often disabling disease of the central nervous system that disrupts the flow of information within the brain, and between the brain and body that is it affects the brain and spinal cord. Early MS symptoms include weakness, tingling, numbness, and blurred vision. Other signs are muscle stiffness, thinking problems, and urinary problems.Thus diagnostic criteria was formulated as "Charcot Triad", consisting in nystagmus, intention tremor, and telegraphic speech (scanning speech)
While the cause is not clear, the underlying mechanism is thought to be either destruction by the immune system…Read More
Myasthenia gravis is a chronic autoimmune neuromuscular disease characterized by varying degrees of weakness of the skeletal (voluntary) muscles of the body.It is caused by a defect in the transmission of nerve impulses to muscles.The symptoms include eye muscle weakness, eyelid drooping (ptosis), blurry or double vision (diplopia),unstable gait, a change in facial expression, difficulty in swallowing, shortness of breath, impaired speech, and weakness in the arms, hands, fingers, legs, and neck. Muscle weakness caused by myasthenia gravis worsens as the affected muscle is used repeatedly. Since symptoms typically improve with rest, muscle weakness…Read More
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system mainly affecting the motor system. It affects the nerve cells in the brain that produce dopamine. Early in the course of the disease, the most obvious symptoms are movement-related; these include shaking, rigidity, slowness of movement and difficulty with walking and gait. Later, thinking and behavioral problems may arise, with dementia commonly occurring in the advanced stages of the disease, and depression being the most common psychiatric symptom. Other symptoms include sensory, sleep, and emotional problems. The main motor symptoms are collectively called…Read More
Arthritis is a condition in which both inflammative and degenerative lesions of a joint or joints takes places. Arthritis is generally characterized by pain and restriction of movement at a joint, arising spontaneously in superficial joints. These features are usually accompanied by obvious swelling or thickening. There are four common types of arthritis, and several less common or rare varieties of which five will be considered here. Pyogenic arthritis, Rheumatoid arthritis, Juvenile, Chronic , Tuberculous, Psoratic and Osteoarthritis. Other types of arthritis are Gouty arthritis, Haemophilic arthritis, Neuropathic arthritis, Arthritis of Rheumatic…Read More
Psoriasis is a chronic non-infectious inflammatory disease of the skin characterized by well-defined erythematous plaques bearing large, adherent silvery scales. Plaque pattern is the most common type. Lesions are well marcated and range from a few millimeters several centimeters in diameter. Guttate pattern is usually seen in children and adolescents and may be the first sign of the disease often triggered by tonsillitis. Scalp is often involved. Involvement of the nails is common with thimble pitting onycholisis. Flexural psoriasis is commonest in women and in the elderly. Palm psoriasis may be hard to recognize as its lesions are often poorly…Read More
Generally, obesity is considered more than one-fifth overweight to the normal weight range. Obesity can be defined as excessive enlargement of body's total quantity of fat. There is no biologic reason for men and women to get fatter as they grow older. Therefore the standard for over fatness for adult men and women should probably be established as men above 20% and women above 30% body fat. The location of adipose (fatty) tissue in the body should also be considered, fat distributed in the abdominal region poses a greater health risk compared to fat deposited at the thigh and buttocks.
Obesity is an alert labelling of a "Killing disease”.…Read More
Sports Injuries includes a wide range of issues from simple spines to spinat co spinal. Ligament injuries, meniscal tear. Ayurveda is very effective remedies that can either be used principally or as a supportive therapy in numerous orthopedic problems encountered by sports persons. Ayurveda has very simple herbal formulations that can speed up the process of healing after a surgery, rehabilitation of an injured muscle, bone, performance levels.
Osteoporosis literally means ‘porous bones’ helpfully describing this condition that results in reduced bone density and increases fragility of the bones. The thinning of bones in osteoporosis, combined with the formation of weaker bone crystals puts people at a higher risk of fractures. Although osteoporosis itself do not directly increase the risk of falls, people who have Osteoporosis have a higher risk of breaking bones if they fall, with common sites of fracture including the hip, spinal vertebra and wrist.
Post-menopausal women age most likely to develop the condition, but it also affects men of younger people across…Read More
The spine, or backbone, is made up of small bones (vertebrae) stacked -- along with discs -- one on top of another. A healthy spine when viewed from the side has gentle curves to it. The curves help the spine absorb stress from body movement and gravity.
When viewed from the back, the spine should run straight down the middle of the back. When abnormalities of the spine occur, the natural curvatures of the spine are misaligned or exaggerated in certain areas, as occurs with lordosis, kyphosis, and scoliosis.
A number of problems can change the structure of the spine or damage the vertebrae and surrounding tissue.…Read More