Allergic reactions are caused by substances (allergens) to which allergic people have become sensitised. Severe allergic reactions (anaphylaxis) tend to be due to food, insect stings or medicines. Nonetheless, many people can be allergic to allergens in the air and general environment (aeroallergens), including: pollen from trees and grasses, house dust mite, moulds. pets such as cats and dogs.
Indoor allergens most commonly affect the nose, chest, skin and eyes: itchy, runny or congested nose, sneezing, irritable airways, coughing, tight chest, wheezing, shortness of breath, itching, watering, inflammation of both eyes, itchy skin, rashes,…Read More
Musculoskeletal Disorders or MSDs are injuries and disorders that affect the human body's movement or musculoskeletal system They results in pain in the body's joints, ligaments, muscles, nerves, tendons, and structures that support limbs, neck and back. MSDs can arise from a sudden exertion (e.g., lifting a heavy object), or they can arise from making the same motions repeatedly repetitive strain, or from repeated exposure to force, vibration, or awkward posture. Injuries and pain in the musculoskeletal system caused by acute traumatic events like a car accident or fall are not considered musculoskeletal disorders. MSDs can affect…Read More
Alcohol has plenty of romantic associations. The gold-and-scarlet glow of liquor advertisements, the fizz of the champagne opened by a victorious sportsman, the toast at a party or the thrill teenagers feel over a secret beer bash – they all make for the feel-good image of alcohol. Many people drink socially, or occasionally, and are able to stop after a few drinks. It does not interfere with any other aspect of their life. But for some others who drink, things go awry. We do not know for sure why some people are more susceptible to alcohol abuse than others. An alcoholic is not just the man in tatters, knocked flat on the road after…Read More
Avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femoral head is a pathologic process that results from interruption of blood supply to the bone. AVN of the hip is poorly understood, but this process is the final common pathway of traumatic or non-traumatic factors that compromise the already precarious circulation of the femoral head. Femoral head ischemia results in the death of marrow and osteocytes and usually results in the collapse of the necrotic segment. During sports endeavours, hip dislocation or subluxation is the most frequently reported traumatic means of AVN. Most cases of AVN are atraumatic and include alcohol abuse,…Read More
The word 'plegia' means weakness so severe that it is nearly complete. 'Hemi' implies one side of the body. Hence, 'hemiplegia' means complete paralysis of one half of the body, including one arm and leg. Any disease or injury in the motor centers of the brain can cause hemiplegia. Hemiplegia is a more severe form of 'hemiparesis' wherein one half of the body is only weakened. It is also very different from the conditions of paraplegia & quadriplegia, which are commonly confused with hemiplegia. Paraplegia is paralysis in both legs, below the waist. Quadriplegia is paralysis below the neck and is also usually…Read More
Liver disease is any disturbance of liver function that causes illness. The liver is a large organ in the upper right abdomen that aids in digestion and removes waste products from the blood. Liver plays an important role in many bodily functions from protein production and blood clotting to cholesterol, glucose (sugar), and iron metabolism.
A variety of illnesses can affect the liver. It mainly includes the following conditions: cirrhosis, or scarring of the liver, inflammation (hepatitis) from infectious (hepatitis B, hepatitis C) or non-infectious causes (chemical or autoimmune hepatitis), tumors- benign and malignant (liver…Read More
When you eat, your body breaks food down to a form it can use to build and nourish cells and provide energy. This process is called digestion. Your digestive system is a series of hollow organs joined in a long, twisting tube. It runs from your mouth to your anus and includes your oesophagus, stomach, and small and large intestines. Your liver, gallbladder and pancreas are also involved. They produce juices to help digestion.
There are many types of digestive disorders. The symptoms vary widely depending on the problem. In general, you should see your doctor if you have -blood in your stool, changes in bowel habits,…Read More
Aging is the process of becoming older. It represents the accumulation of changes in a person over time. In humans, aging refers to a multidimensional process of physical, psychological, and social change. An aging associated disease is a disease that is seen with increasing frequency with increasing senescence. Age associated diseases are to be distinguished from the aging process itself because all adult humans age, but not all adult humans experience all age-associated diseases.
Examples of aging-associated diseases are cardiovascular disease, cancer, arthritis, dementia, cataract, osteoporosis, diabetes, hypertension and Alzheimer's…Read More
As a child grows and develops, he learns different skills, such as taking a first step, smiling for the first time, or waving goodbye. These skills are known as developmental milestones. There is normal variation of age in which children achieves such specific developmental milestone. Developmental delay refers to a child who is not achieving milestones within the age range of that normal variability. Most often, at least initially, it is difficult or impossible to determine whether the delay is a marker of a long-term issue with development or learning (i.e. known as a disability) or whether the child will ‘catch-up’ and be ‘typical’…Read More
Student care at various stages of their growth is an emerging need at present. Students, at school level as well as college level, are meeting with quite a number of problems like learning disabilities, behavioral problems, problems with adjusting to new situations, disturbing ailments etc. Students are the future of a nation and a healthy student community is inevitable for a healthy tomorrow. Emotional and social support is necessary for them to cope up with different situations and sometimes even medical aid may be needed. Irrespective of these there are a lot of other conditions to be very much concerned such as ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactive…Read More