The spine, or backbone, is made up of small bones (vertebrae) stacked -- along with discs -- one on top of another. A healthy spine when viewed from the side has gentle curves to it. The curves help the spine absorb stress from body movement and gravity.
When viewed from the back, the spine should run straight down the middle of the back. When abnormalities of the spine occur, the natural curvatures of the spine are misaligned or exaggerated in certain areas, as occurs with lordosis, kyphosis, and scoliosis.
A number of problems can change the structure of the spine or damage the vertebrae and surrounding tissue. They include infections ,injuries ,tumors ,conditions such as ankylosing spondylitis and Bone changes that come with age, such as spinal stenosis and herniated disks. Spinal diseases often cause pain when bone changes put pressure on the spinal cord or nerves. They can also limit movement. Treatments differ by disease, but sometimes they include back braces and surgery.
Can be diagnosed by MRI ,CT, EMG ,Discography etc and very well managed by ayurvedic therapies such as rooksha swedam ,pichu ,veshtanam ,elakizhi ,naranga kizhi ,mutta kizhi ,dhanyamla dhara ,pizhichil ,pizhizu tadaval ,njavara kizhi, manzal kizhi ,udwartanam. But these all varies accordingly to the condition of the patient , nature and duration of the disease.